A Brief History of Googles Kubernetes and Why Its Fantastic by Alan Wang FST Network

This meant that the project wasn’t very outside party-friendly and could only be used within Google. Kubernetes can speed up the development process by making easy, automated deployments, updates (rolling-update) and by managing our apps and services with almost zero downtime. Kubernetes is originally developed by Google, it is open-sourced since its launch and managed by a large community of contributors. These interact with Custom Resources, and allow for a true declarative API that allows for the lifecycle management of Custom Resource that is aligned with the way that Kubernetes itself is designed. The combination of Custom Resources and Custom Controllers are often referred to as an Operator.

History of Kubernetes

Google’s Kubernetes is a open-source project for reliable, scalable container operation and has been applied in large scales. The maximum version skew supported between various Kubernetes components. The Kubernetes project maintains release branches for the most recent three minor releases (1.26, 1.25, 1.24). Kubernetes 1.19 and newer receive approximately 1 year of patch support. Kubernetes 1.18 and older received approximately 9 months of patch support.

Checking Rollout History of a Deployment

Rollback to an earlier Deployment revision if the current state of the Deployment is not stable. Collecting the history of Kubernetes was fun, but there is a lot more to know about our favorite orchestration engine. Check out the Kubernetes-related articles on our blog, or if you need help, don’t hesitate to contact us. If you setup this properly, when a pod starts to use too much ram, that pod will be killed and you will be able to find out what is causing the issues. Photo by Kelvin Han on UnsplashThe next problem is that it’s difficult to run different apps on a same server. Because you may not be able to afford one type of app per server.

The HASH string is the same as the pod-template-hash label on the ReplicaSet. UP-TO-DATE displays the number of replicas that have been updated to achieve the desired state. Use the status of the Deployment as an indicator that a rollout has stuck.

History of Kubernetes

Maintenance events for all your services can be viewed within StatusGator as a unified feed. Deployment is a top-level resource in the Kubernetes REST API. Read theDeploymentobject definition to understand the API for deployments. The .spec.template and .spec.selector are the only required fields of the .spec.

The CNFC’s goal is to create a sustainable ecosystems and a community around a collection of high-quality projects that orchestrate containers as part of a microservices architecture. As Kubernetes continued to grow, companies like Deis, OpenShift, Huawei, and Gondor joined the community later this year. Three years later, the Kubernetes community has grown exponentially, and Kubernetes has become synonymous with cloud native container orchestration. There are more than 1700 people who have contributed to Kubernetes, there are more than 500 Kubernetes meetups worldwide and more than users have joined the #kubernetes-dev channel. What’s more, the community that we have built works successfully across geographic, language and corporate boundaries.

Kubernetes is a container orchestration / portable cloud platform that is becoming the de-facto standard for running microservices infrastructures in the cloud. Even though there are several competing technologies by now, most of the bigger cloud providers offer managed Kubernetes clusters, making it even easier to adopt it as the foundation of distributed infrastructures. Borg developed the cluster management system required by Google to keep up with the millions of users of its services. It even preceded Linux kernel capabilities like control groups, which are today foundational elements of containerized applications.

The Year Kubernetes Goes Mainstream!

Self-service of cloud resources Kubernetes has been brilliant at delivering an ecosystem for… Even now, as thousands of companies are jumping on the Kubernetes bandwagon, implementing a Kubernetes software development database architecture can be difficult. Even with an introductoryguide to Kubernetes, it can be a struggle to wrap your head around how to utilize Kubernetes. While plenty of teams are still writing Kubernetes history, by now, you have an idea of all the hard work and brainpower that went into developing this one-of-a-kind container orchestration environment. At this point in Kubernetes’ history, the Borg project was still under wraps.

The same API design principles have been used to define an API to programmatically create, configure, and manage Kubernetes clusters. Similarly, machines that make up the cluster are also treated as a Kubernetes resource. The API has two pieces – the core API, and a provider implementation. The provider implementation consists of cloud-provider specific functions that let Kubernetes provide the cluster API in a fashion that is well-integrated with the cloud-provider’s services and resources.

An Introduction to FST Network’s Logic Operation Centre (LOC)

In API version apps/v1, .spec.selector and .metadata.labels do not default to .spec.template.metadata.labels if not set. Also note that .spec.selector is immutable after creation of the Deployment in apps/v1. https://globalcloudteam.com/ If you want to roll out releases to a subset of users or servers using the Deployment, you can create multiple Deployments, one for each release, following the canary pattern described inmanaging resources.

This meant that adopting a Google-only container orchestration platform wasn’t an option. Were it not for Docker’s shifting of the cloud developer’s perspective, Kubernetes simply would not exist. A node, also known as a worker or a minion, is what is kubernetes a machine where containers are deployed. Every node in the cluster must run a container runtime such as containerd, as well as the below-mentioned components, for communication with the primary for network configuration of these containers.

It is generated by hashing the PodTemplate of the ReplicaSet and using the resulting hash as the label value that is added to the ReplicaSet selector, Pod template labels, and in any existing Pods that the ReplicaSet might have. DESIRED displays the desired number of replicas of the application, which you define when you create the Deployment. Notice that the Deployment has created all three replicas, and all replicas are up-to-date and available. Notice how the number of desired replicas is 3 according to .spec.replicas field. AGE displays the amount of time that the application has been running. I have worked out on Web Platform Team at leading software company, but this blog IYAR, its content and opinions are my own.

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GitHub reached a big milestone in 2017 when they started serving all web and API requests by containers running in Kubernetes clusters deployed on their metal cloud. Minikube, a tool for running Kubernetes locally, was officially released in the middle of this year. Kops, an official Kubernetes project for managing production-grade Kubernetes clusters, was also made available this year. Docker was the company that popularized container management around 2013. Seeing the rise of containers as a scalable and efficient method of managing massive workloads, several members of Google’s Borg Project decided to make a positive impact. Joe Beda, Brendan Burns, and Craig McLuckie saw a future for some of Borg’s more useful elements in the popularity of Docker’s containers.

  • The .spec.template and .spec.selector are the only required fields of the .spec.
  • Red Hat is proud to have one of our own, Vincent Batts, helping to guide the Initiative’s technical direction.
  • Virtual machines, BSD jails, Linux chroots, and other similar technologies proliferated.
  • Seeing the rise of containers as a scalable and efficient method of managing massive workloads, several members of Google’s Borg Project decided to make a positive impact.

It’s far from the whole thing.” Cgroups allow processes to be grouped together, and ensure that each group gets a share of memory, CPU and disk I/O; preventing any one container from monopolizing any of these resources. More than 400 StatusGator users monitor DigitalOcean Kubernetes to get notified when it’s down, is under maintenance, or has an outage. This makes it one of the most popular cloud infrastructure services monitored on our platform. We’ve sent more than 129,000 notifications to our users about DigitalOcean Kubernetes incidents, providing transparency and peace of mind.

What is Kubernetes?

It felt like every job application demanded experience with Kubernetes. IBM stayed in the 1970s, at least culturally, but its concept didn’t. Virtual machines, BSD jails, Linux chroots, and other similar technologies proliferated. By the time of Docker’s announcement, containerization was a well-understood phenomenon. Tennis has spent over 40 years in the business, starting from a stint in the US Air Force he’s worked in various capacities from equipment installation, software QA, app development and DevOps.


As 2013 turned into 2014 we were lucky to be joined by some incredibly talented developers including Ville Aikas, Tim Hockin, Dawn Chen, Brian Grant and Daniel Smith. Google worked with the Linux Foundation to form the Cloud Native Computing Foundation and offer Kubernetes as a seed technology. Kubernetes (κυβερνήτης, Greek for “helmsman,” “pilot,” or “governor”, and the etymological root of cybernetics) was announced by Google in mid-2014. The project was created by Joe Beda, Brendan Burns, and Craig McLuckie, who were soon joined by other Google engineers, including Brian Grant and Tim Hockin. With the release of v1.24 in May 2022, “Dockershim” has been removed entirely. Borg was an undisputed competitive advantage of Google because it utilized the machines much better than purely virtualized operations.

Replication controllers and deployments

For example, a service proxy or a service mesh can be used to deploy software that fulfills global functional requirements. With MetaKube we are a member of CNCF and are thus registered with the umbrella organization that organizes the developments of the open-source solution. For this reason, we at MetaKube strictly ensure that we remain standard-compliant with Kubernetes. Our OpenStack-based cloud, on which we operate Kubernetes, also is 100 percent standards-compliant.

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Check the track of deployment and even we can use this for automation. This should be the default option in the kuberentes deployment, but, by default it’s set to false. Due to their high efficiency in storage, access control as well as logical sorting, they represent the status quo in the field of data storage. The kube-scheduler monitors and manages the utilization of the nodes by deciding on the basis of the resources on which node a pod starts. A node, also called a worker machine or minion, can be a virtual machine or a physical server. The Kubernetes Master is the central control element that distributes and manages the containers on the nodes.

Etcd favors consistency over availability in the event of a network partition . The consistency is crucial for correctly scheduling and operating services. Whenever you deploy new version of deployment, the replica set preserves the previous configuration of the deployment.

Kubernetes offers a framework to run distributed systems efficiently. It’s a platform that helps managing containerized workloads and services, and even takes care of scaling. The basic scheduling unit in Kubernetes is a pod, which consists of one or more containers that are guaranteed to be co-located on the same node. Each pod in Kubernetes is assigned a unique IP address within the cluster, allowing applications to use ports without the risk of conflict. Etcd is a persistent, lightweight, distributed, key-value data store that CoreOS has developed. It reliably stores the configuration data of the cluster, representing the overall state of the cluster at any given point of time.